A brain aneurysm has been known because it is dangerous, that is why it is really important that people should be aware and informed about the thing that causes it, as well as its signs and symptoms so that people may actually avoid and prevent this kind of health condition. Do you want to learn and know more about this? Keep on scrolling and reading.
Earlier this week, an outrageous news came out saying that a Filipino veteran actress and singer, which is known as Isabel Granada was rushed to a hospital in Qatar because of a brain aneurysm, as well as multiple cardiac arrests. Granada, later on, is still in the comatose state, and then eventually died because of it.
Reports have said that the actress was in Qatar as a celebrity guest speaker for the Philippine Trade and Tourism Conference. What happened is just all of a sudden that shocked a lot of people, especially her family, relatives and close friends. They are all asking for prayers and fast recovery not until her sudden death came. A lot of people gave their sympathy and condolences to the family of the late actress. It is a tragic happening, that is why most of the people need to know what a brain aneurysm is about in order to avoid and prevent this kind of situation to happen in the future.
What is a brain aneurysm?
A brain aneurysm or also known as a brain cerebral is the swelling of the weak area of the artery, which is known to be responsible for supplying blood to the brain based on the report of Pinoy MD. There are some cases where a brain aneurysm causes no symptoms and goes unnoticed. On the other hand, rare cases of a brain aneurysm involve rupturing which releases blood into the skull and eventually leads to stroke.
When the moment comes that a brain aneurysm already ruptured due to ignorance and left untreated, the result is known as subarachnoid hemorrhage. Depending on the severity of the hemorrhage, either brain damage or death may actually become the final result. The most usual location for a brain aneurysm is in the network of blood vessels at the base of the brain that is called as the circle of Wills.
Dr. Carlos Francis Santiago is an endovascular neurosurgeon, which has said that there are different factors that can actually cause a brain aneurysm that is under the control of every individual.
A person may actually come into the tendency of acquiring aneurysms or aneurysms may develop due to the hardening of the arteries because of aging. Some risk factors that can actually result in a brain aneurysm can be controlled, while on the other hand others can’t. The following are the risk factors that may elevate your risk for an aneurysm or if you already have one, may elevate your risk of it rupturing:
- Family background
- Previous aneurysm
- High blood pressure
- Too much smoking
- Excessive exercise
- Consumption of both coffee and soda
- Straining during bowel movements
- Extreme Anger
- Sexual intercourse
- Older age
- Usage of drug or drug abuse
Some aneurysm develops over the period of the lifetime of a person, while some are inherited and the others are just a result of brain injuries. Studies have even shown that people between the ages of 35 to 60 are more prone to a brain aneurysm where women are more at risk than men.
Here are the some of the signs and symptoms of a brain aneurysm:
An unexpected severe headache is one of the key symptoms of a ruptured aneurysm. This kind of a headache is usually labeled as the ‘worst headache’ that a person could actually suffer from. Here are the common signs and symptoms of a ruptured aneurysm:
- Unexpected, extremely severe headache
- Nausea and vomiting
- Stiff neck
- Blurred or double vision
- Sensitivity to light
- A drooping eyelid
- Loss of consciousness
There are some cases where an aneurysm may actually leak a little amount of blood. A more severe rupture commonly goes along with leaking. This kind of leaking may lead to a:
- Unexpected, extremely severe headache
An unruptured brain aneurysm may actually show no symptoms, especially when it is small. Nevertheless, a larger one may press onto the brain tissues and nerves that may probably lead to the following signs and symptoms:
- Pain above and behind one of the eyes
- A dilated pupil
- Sudden change in vision or experiencing double vision
- Numbness on one side of the face
What is the treatment of a brain aneurysm?
The only treatment for an asymptomatic aneurysm is to repair the blood vessels. Both of clipping and coiling are the two options in treating it:
A neurosurgeon can actually do an operation on the brain by cutting open the skull in order to identify what is the damaged blood vessel and putting a clip across an aneurysm. This will prevent the blood from entering the aneurysm and it may cause further growth or blood leakage.
An interventional neurologist, neurosurgeon or an interventional radiologist can actually thread a tube through the arteries, as with an angiogram in order to identify an aneurysm and he will fill it either with coils of platinum wire or with the use of latex. This will result in the prevention of further blood from entering the aneurysm and in the end, resolves the issue.
Both of these choices have a high risk of damaging the blood vessel that may actually cause more bleeding, which will eventually damage nearby brain tissue and result in the surrounding blood vessels to go into contraction that will deprive brain tissue of blood supply and lead to stroke.
A brain aneurysm is known to be deadly. There are at least 10% of patients with a ruptured aneurysm pass away before receiving any kind of medical care. If it is left untreated, another 50% will breathe their last breath in just a month, and with 25% of patients sustaining another bleeding episode in just a week. Apart from the bleeding problems, there are also significant risks of artery contraction that may actually result in stroke.
Survival rates are elevated in those patients who are always present primarily in the hospital. Initial diagnosis, aneurysm repair, and control of blood vessel contraction with suitable medications are all connected with an elevated survival chance.
How to prevent a brain aneurysm?
Preventing a brain aneurysm is not always possible because some are inherited, which means they are already there since birth. Nonetheless, smoking is a risk factor for both an aortic aneurysm and the rupture of an aneurysm anywhere in the human body. Stopping smoking as soon as possible can actually lessen the risk of a severe aneurysm.
Moreover, managing blood pressure can also reduce the risk of an aneurysm. Healthy levels of blood pressure can be obtained with the help of dietary measures, as well as exercise on a regular basis and even some medications.